Fort Towson is a town in Choctaw County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 510 at the 2010 census, a 15.1 percent decline from 611 at the 2000 census. It was named for nearby Fort Towson, which had been established in May 1824 and named for General Nathan Towson, a hero of the War of 1812. The town of Fort Towson was established in 1902, after the Arkansas and Choctaw Railway reached eastern Choctaw County.
Fort Towson is located at 34°1′12″N 95°16′46″W / 34.02000°N 95.27944°W / 34.02000; -95.27944 (34.020042, -95.279374). It is 11 miles (18 km)east of Hugo.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15 km), of which, 5.6 square miles (15 km) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km) of it (6.23%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 611 people, 255 households, and 181 families residing in the town. The population density was 109.7 people per square mile (42.4/km²). There were 319 housing units at an average density of 57.3 per square mile (22.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.42% White, 1.15% African American, 8.02% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 3.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.29% of the population.
There were 255 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $19,676, and the median income for a family was $21,705. Males had a median income of $19,583 versus $16,389 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,612. About 25.1% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 99.9% of those under age 18 and 184.1% of those age 65 or over.